United Nations

A/RES/47/46


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 December 1992

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


 
                                             A/RES/47/46
                                             81st plenary meeting
                                             9 December 1992
 
 
 
     Amendment of the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the
               Atmosphere, in Outer Space and under Water
 
 
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling its resolutions 44/106 of 15 December 1989, 45/50 of 4 December
1990 and 46/28 of 6 December 1991,
 
     Reiterating its conviction that a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty
is the highest-priority measure for the cessation of the nuclear-arms race and
for the achievement of the objective of nuclear disarmament,
 
     Recalling the central role of the United Nations in the field of nuclear
disarmament and in particular in the cessation of all nuclear-test explosions,
as well as the persistent efforts of non-governmental organizations in the
achievement of a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty,
 
     Conscious of the growing environmental concerns throughout the world and
of the past and potential negative effects of nuclear testing on the
environment,
 
     Recalling its resolution 1910 (XVIII) of 27 November 1963, in which it
noted with approval the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere,
in Outer Space and under Water, signed on 5 August 1963, and requested the
Conference of the Eighteen-Nation Committee on Disarmament to continue with a
sense of urgency its negotiations to achieve the objectives set forth in the
preamble to the Treaty,
 
     Recalling also that more than one third of the parties to the Treaty
requested the Depositary Governments to convene a conference to consider an
amendment that would convert the Treaty into a comprehensive test-ban treaty,
 
     Recalling further that a substantive session of the Amendment Conference
of the States Parties to the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the
Atmosphere, in Outer Space and under Water was held in New York from 7 to 18
January 1991,
 
     Reiterating its conviction that the Amendment Conference will facilitate
the attainment of the objectives set forth in the Treaty and thus serve to
strengthen it,
 
     Noting with satisfaction the unilateral nuclear-test moratoria announced
by several nuclear-weapon States,
 
     Recalling its recommendation that arrangements be made to ensure that
intensive efforts continue, under the auspices of the Amendment Conference,
until a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty is achieved,
 
     Recalling also the decision adopted by the Amendment Conference to the
effect that, since further work needed to be undertaken on certain aspects of
a comprehensive test-ban treaty, especially those with regard to verification
of compliance and possible sanctions against non-compliance, the President of
the Conference should conduct consultations with a view to achieving progress
on those issues and to resuming the work of the Conference at an appropriate
time,
 
     Welcoming the ongoing consultations being conducted by the President of
the Amendment Conference,
 
     1.   Notes the ongoing consultations being conducted by the President of
the Amendment Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty Banning Nuclear
Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and under Water and the special
meeting of States parties of a brief duration to be held in New York in the
second quarter of 1993 to review the developments on the issue of nuclear
testing, with a view to examining the feasibility of resuming the work of the
Amendment Conference later that year;
 
     2.   Calls upon all parties to the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in
the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and under Water to participate in, and to
contribute to the success of, the Amendment Conference for the achievement of
a comprehensive nuclear-test ban at an early date, as an indispensable measure
towards implementation of their undertakings in the preamble to the Treaty;
 
     3.   Urges all States, especially those nuclear-weapon States which have
not yet done so, to adhere to the Treaty;
 
     4.   Recommends that arrangements should be made to ensure the fullest
possible participation of non-governmental organizations in the Amendment
Conference;
 
     5.   Reiterates its conviction that, pending the conclusion of a
comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty, the nuclear-weapon States should
suspend all nuclear-test explosions through an agreed moratorium or unilateral
moratoria;
 
     6.   Stresses once again the importance of ensuring adequate coordination
among the various negotiating forums dealing with a comprehensive
nuclear-test-ban treaty;
 
     7.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-eighth
session the item entitled "Amendment of the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon
Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and under Water".