United Nations

A/RES/44/106


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

15 December 1989

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                        A/RES/44/106
                                                        81st plenary meeting
                                                        15 December 1989
 
         Amendment of the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests
         in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and under Water
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Reiterating its conviction that a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty
 is the highest-priority step towards nuclear disarmament,
 
      Recalling its resolution 1910 (XVIII) of 27 November 1963, in which it
 noted with approval the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere,
 in Outer Space and under Water, signed on 5 August 1963, and requested the
 Conference of the Eighteen-Nation Committee on Disarmament to continue with a
 sense of urgency its negotiations to achieve the objectives set forth in the
 preamble to the Treaty,
 
      Convinced that, pending the conclusion of a comprehensive
 nuclear-test-ban treaty, the nuclear-weapon States should suspend all
 nuclear-test explosions through an agreed moratorium or unilateral moratoria,
 
      Noting that article II of the Treaty provides a procedure for convening a
 conference of the parties to the Treaty to consider amendments to the Treaty,
 
      Noting also that, in its resolution 42/26 B of 30 November 1987, it
 recommended that the non-nuclear-weapon States parties to the Treaty formally
 submit an amendment proposal to the Depositary Governments with a view to
 convening a conference at the earliest possible date to consider amendments to
 the Treaty that would convert it into a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty
 and that, by its resolution 43/63 B of 7 December 1988, it welcomed the
 submission of such an amendment proposal,
 
      Noting further that the Ninth Conference of Heads of State or Government
 of Non-Aligned Countries, held at Belgrade from 4 to 7 September 1989,
 supported the initiative to convene, as soon as possible in 1990, an amendment
 conference to convert the Treaty into a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty,
 
      Considering that more than one third of the parties have requested the
 convening of a conference to consider such an amendment, and that Depositary
 Governments have announced their intention to comply with their obligations
 under the Treaty,
 
      Convinced that such a conference will serve to strengthen the Treaty,
 
      1.   Recommends that a preparatory committee, open to all parties to the
 Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and
 under Water, should be established to make arrangements for the amendment
 conference and that such preparatory committee should meet at United Nations
 Headquarters from 29 May to 1 June 1990, followed by a one-week session of the
 conference from 4 to 8 June 1990 and a second substantive session from 7 to
 18 January 1991;
 
      2.   Recommends also that the costs of the amendment conference and its
 preparatory committee should be shared among the States parties to the Treaty,
 on the basis of the present scale of assessments of the United Nations;
 
      3.   Requests the Secretary-General to render the necessary assistance
 and provide such services, including summary records, as may be required for
 the amendment conference and its preparation;
 
      4.   Invites the amendment conference to transmit to the General Assembly
 the documents it deems appropriate to keep the Assembly duly informed of its
 ongoing work;
 
      5.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-fifth
 session the item entitled "Amendment of the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon
 Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and under Water".