United Nations

A/RES/48/70


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

16 December 1993

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                  A/RES/48/70
                                                  81st plenary meeting
                                                  16 December 1993
 
                     Comprehensive test-ban treaty
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Recalling that a comprehensive nuclear-test ban is one of the priority
objectives of the international community in the field of disarmament and
non-proliferation,
 
      Convinced that the most effective way to achieve an end to nuclear
testing is through the conclusion of a multilaterally and effectively
verifiable comprehensive test-ban treaty that will attract the adherence of
all States and will contribute to the prevention of the proliferation of
nuclear weapons in all its aspects, to the process of nuclear disarmament and
therefore to the enhancement of international peace and security,
 
      Convinced also that the exercise of utmost restraint in respect of
nuclear testing would be consistent with the objective of an international
negotiation of a comprehensive test ban,
 
      Noting the aspirations expressed by the parties to the 1963 Treaty
Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and under Water
to seek to achieve the discontinuance of all test explosions of nuclear
weapons for all time, which are recalled in the preamble to the 1968 Treaty on
the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons,
 
      Welcoming the willingness of all nuclear-weapon States as well as the
rest of the international community to pursue the multilateral negotiation of
a comprehensive test-ban treaty,
 
      Noting with satisfaction the initiation in 1993 by the Conference on
Disarmament of work under item 1 of its agenda, entitled "Nuclear Test Ban"
and the programme of substantive work subsequently undertaken within its Ad
Hoc Committee on a Nuclear Test Ban,
 
      Noting also the ongoing activity of the Ad Hoc Group of Scientific
Experts to Consider International Cooperative Measures to Detect and Identify
Seismic Events,
 
      1.    Welcomes the decision taken by the Conference on Disarmament on 10
August 1993 to give its Ad Hoc Committee on a Nuclear Test Ban a mandate to
negotiate a universal and internationally and effectively verifiable
comprehensive test-ban treaty, and fully endorses the contents of that
decision;
 
      2.    Calls upon participants in the Conference on Disarmament to
approach the inter-sessional consultations mandated by that decision in a
positive and constructive light;
 
      3.    Urges the Conference on Disarmament at the commencement of its
1994 session to re-establish, with an appropriate negotiating mandate, the Ad
Hoc Committee on its agenda item entitled "Nuclear test ban";
 
      4.    Calls upon all States to support the multilateral negotiations in
the Conference on Disarmament for a comprehensive test-ban treaty;
 
      5.    Also urges the Conference on Disarmament to proceed intensively,
as a priority task, in its negotiation of such a universal and internationally
and effectively verifiable treaty;
 
      6.    Requests the Secretary-General to ensure the provision to the
Conference on Disarmament of additional administrative, substantive and
conference support services for these negotiations;
 
      7.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-ninth
session an item entitled "Comprehensive test-ban treaty".