United Nations

A/RES/47/47


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 December 1992

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


 
                                             A/RES/47/47
                                             81st plenary meeting
                                             9 December 1992
 
 
 
           Comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty
 
 
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling previous resolutions that identify the complete cessation of
nuclear-weapon tests and a comprehensive test ban as one of the priority
objectives in the field of disarmament,
 
     Convinced that a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought,
 
     Welcoming the improved relationship between the Russian Federation and
the United States of America and their consequent announcements of significant
measures, including unilateral steps, which could signal the reversal of the
nuclear-arms race,
 
     Welcoming also the Treaty between the United States of America and the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Reduction and Limitation of
Strategic Offensive Arms, signed on 31 July 1991, and the signing of a
protocol to this Treaty in which Belarus, Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation,
Ukraine and the United States of America undertake to give effect to the
Treaty,
 
     Welcoming further the Joint Understanding of 17 June 1992 between the
Russian Federation and the United States of America on further reductions in
their strategic offensive arms,
 
     Welcoming the decision taken by France to suspend its testing of nuclear
weapons for 1992,
 
     Endorsing the call made by France and by the Russian Federation on the
other nuclear Powers to suspend their nuclear tests,
 
     Welcoming also in addition the recent decision of the United States of
America to implement a testing moratorium accompanied by a plan for achieving
a multilateral, comprehensive ban on the testing of nuclear weapons,
 
     Welcoming further the decision of the Russian Federation to extend its
earlier-announced nuclear-testing moratorium,
 
     Convinced that an end to nuclear testing by all States in all
environments for all time is an essential step in order to prevent the
qualitative improvement and development of nuclear weapons and their further
proliferation and to contribute, along with other concurrent efforts to reduce
nuclear arms, to the eventual elimination of nuclear weapons,
 
     Noting the concerns expressed about the environmental and health risks
associated with underground nuclear testing, as brought out in the Expert
Study on Questions Related to a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in CD/1167 of 14
August 1992, which noted, inter alia, the environmental benefits and economic
savings to be derived from a complete ban on nuclear testing,
 
     Convinced also that the most effective way to achieve an end to nuclear
testing is through the conclusion, at an early date, of a verifiable,
comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty that will attract the adherence of all
States,
 
     Taking into account the undertakings by the original parties to the 1963
Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and
under Water to seek to achieve the early discontinuance of all test explosions
of nuclear weapons for all time, and also noting the reiteration of this
commitment in the 1968 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons,
 
     Noting with satisfaction the work being undertaken within the Conference
on Disarmament by the Ad Hoc Group of Scientific Experts to Consider
International Cooperative Measures to Detect and Identify Seismic Events, and
in this context welcoming the results of the second technical test concerning
the global exchange and analysis of seismic data, which will permit the system
to be redesigned in the light of this experience,
 
     Recalling that the Amendment Conference of States Parties to the Treaty
Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and under Water
was held in New York from 7 to 18 January 1991,
 
     Expressing its disappointment that the Conference on Disarmament was
unable to re-establish the Ad Hoc Committee on item 1 of its agenda, entitled
"Nuclear test ban", despite the improved political climate,
 
     1.   Reaffirms its conviction that a treaty to achieve the prohibition of
all nuclear-test explosions by all States in all environments for all time is
a matter of priority which would constitute an essential step in order to
prevent the qualitative improvement and development of nuclear weapons and
their further proliferation, and which would contribute to the process of
nuclear disarmament;
 
     2.   Urges, therefore, all States to seek to achieve the early
discontinuance of all nuclear-test explosions for all time;
 
     3.   Urges:
 
     (a)  The nuclear-weapon States to agree promptly to appropriate
verifiable and militarily significant interim measures, with a view to
concluding a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty;
 
     (b)  Those nuclear-weapon States which have not yet done so to adhere to
the Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and
under Water;
 
     4.   Reaffirms the particular responsibilities of the Conference on
Disarmament in the negotiation of a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty, and
in this context urges the re-establishment of the Ad Hoc Committee on a
Nuclear Test Ban in 1993;
 
     5.   Requests the Conference on Disarmament, in this context, to
intensify its substantive work begun in 1990 on specific and interrelated
test-ban issues, including structure and scope and verification and
compliance, taking also into account all relevant proposals and future
initiatives;
 
     6.   Urges the Conference on Disarmament:
 
     (a)  To take into account the progress achieved by the Ad Hoc Group of
Scientific Experts to Consider International Cooperative Measures to Detect
and Identify Seismic Events, including the experience gained from the
technical test concerning the global exchange and analysis of seismic data,
and other relevant initiatives;
 
     (b)  To continue efforts to establish, with the widest possible
participation, an international seismic monitoring network with a view to
developing further a system for the effective monitoring and verification of
compliance with a comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty;
 
     (c)  To investigate other measures to monitor and verify compliance with
such a treaty, including on-site inspections, satellite monitoring and an
international network to monitor atmospheric radioactivity;
 
     7.   Calls upon the Conference on Disarmament to report to the General
Assembly at its forty-eighth session on progress made, including its
recommendations on how the objectives of the Ad Hoc Committee on item 1 of its
agenda, entitled "Nuclear test ban", should be carried forward most
effectively towards achieving a comprehensive test-ban treaty;
 
     8.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-eighth
session the item entitled "Comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty".