Excerpt from The Next Wave:
Urgently Needed Steps to Control Warheads and Fissile Material, Mathew Bunn, April
High level US-Russian transparency commitments that have never been fulfilled, and
initiatives that have never been implemented, include:
||Presidents Clinton and Yeltsin agree on the objective of ensuring
transparency and irreversibility of nuclear reductions and establish working
group to work out specific measures. None of these measures have ever been implemented.
||U.S. Secretary of Energy Hazel OLeary and Russian Minister
of Atomic Energy Mikhailov agree to mutual reciprocal inspection (MRI) of fissile
materials from dismantled weapons beginning by the end of 1994. The inspections have never
||Presidents Clinton and Yeltsin agree to exchange data on warhead
and fissile material stockpiles by the end of the year. The exchanges have never occurred.
||Presidents Clinton and Yeltsin reaffirm their commitment to
transparency and irreversibility, to mutual inspections of material from dismantled
warheads, and to warhead and material data exchanges, and agree to have experts explore
several other transparency possibilities. None of these measures have ever been
implemented, and the Russian side cut off talks in late 1995, never to resume them during
the remainder of Yeltsins tenure in office.
||Secretary OLeary and Minister Mikhailov announce a
Trilateral Initiative with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to
put excess fissile material under IAEA monitoring. (President Clinton had committed to
place U.S. excess material under IAEA monitoring as early as 1993, and President Yeltsin
had said in April, 1996 that he would place the Mayak storage facility being built for
Russian excess nuclear material under IAEA monitoring.) While discussions continue, more
than three years later no monitoring under the Trilateral Initiative has been implemented.
||At their Helsinki summit, President Clinton and President Yeltsin
agree that a START III agreement should include measures relating to the
transparency of strategic warhead inventories and the destruction of strategic nuclear
warheads, and that transparency measures related to sea-launched cruise missiles,
tactical nuclear weapons, and nuclear materials will also be explored. Three years later,
as a result of the Russian Dumas failure to ratify START II and the U.S. refusal to
begin START III negotiations until START II is ratified, no negotiations have begun, and
it is expected that these issues will probably be dropped from START III in the interests
of getting at least an initial framework agreement before President Clinton leaves office.