Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty
Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Underground Nuclear Explosions for Peaceful Purposes and the Protocol [Verification] to the Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Underground Nuclear Explosions for Peaceful Purposes
The Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty (PNET) between the U.S. and the former USSR was signed in 1976, but its Protocol on the verification of compliance was not completed until 1990. The Treaty allows peaceful nuclear explosions, but prohibits:
The Protocol for PNET also requires notifications and provides the option of using either the hydrodynamic yield measurement method, the hydrodynamic yield measurement method in association with a local seismic network, or OSI (only if the hydrodynamic yield measurement method is not used) to verify the yield.
The recently signed Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) implicitly bans "peaceful nuclear explosions," as it prohibits nuclear explosions of any kind.
- United States
Peaceful Nuclear Explosions (outside test sites).
- Yields of Peaceful Nuclear Explosions
- National Technical Means:
Seismic Yield Measurement
Service/DoD Implementation Responsibilities:
No DoD equities as such.
OSIA would be involved in implementing the non-NTM parts of the verification
Implementation and Compliance Body:
Joint Consultative Commission (JCC)
Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers (NRRC) in the U.S. and the RF.
Nuclear explosions of any kind, including peaceful nuclear explosions, have been banned by the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.